BambHaus, the eco-sustainable bamboo home

07 settembre 2009
BambHaus, the eco-sustainable bamboo home

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CO2 emissions are a serious problem for humanity and the environment. In 2008, according to data collected from the Mauna Loa Observatory, the levels of CO2 in the atmosphere reached 387 ppm (parts per million), the highest peak of 650.00 last few years. Due to the massive production of CO2, the atmosphere has reached high levels of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.

The results are disastrous for the entire ecosystem: Drought and floods also economic consequences, especially for those developing countries dependent on agriculture and animal husbandry. Besides the reduction of CO2 emissions, a possible solution could be the massive cultivation of plants that act as carbon sink. Bamboo is one of these precious plants, having absorbed the carbon, accumulated in its biomass, thereby reducing the presence of CO2 in the atmosphere.

Bamboo Guadua

The idea of Francisco Mejia Gallo responds to this problem: a particular type of bamboo called Guadua, to achieve BambHaus project - The eco-sustainable house.

The ambition of the Colombian researcher is to reconcile local economic development and environmental protection, in areas of deprivation. The intrinsic properties of bamboo make bamboo composite capable of replacing or improving a wide range of traditional building materials.

The main quality of the bamboo Guadua are:

- Ability to capture and store carbon

- Resistance to traction

- Repeating fast (equal to 1 cm per day), easy regeneration (in a period between 3 and 5 years) and its consequent ready availability


The "BambaHaus project" proposes an innovative architectural project on a human scale and create a connection between the environment, production processes and local economy.

Draft Gallo Francisco Mejia to use the bamboo Guadua to build environmentally sustainable homes has won the 2008 Altran Foundation for Innovation.

Environment. Growing bamboo means to stimulate the reforestation of rainforests and promotes biodiversity. Furthermore, this allows to preserve the land (by adjusting the level of hydration) and especially to absorb CO2. The plant absorbs 14 tons of carbon per year and stores about 30% more than other trees. The bamboo composite does not release carbon into the atmosphere and generates less CO2 emissions from transport, because the bamboo is grown close to the recipients.

Production Processes and local economy. The production process of bamboo composite will enable their economies to create a network of small industries, specializing in the processing of bamboo. Moreover, the bamboo composite requires for its production, low energy and space-saving machinery.

People will have a major role throughout the project: Local cultivate bamboo, will create a small network of industries to transform the Guadua in building materials and building environmentally sustainable homes.

Altran Foundation for Innovation

Since 2008, the consultant at Altran started production of the new bamboo composite and its promotion throughout the world. For a year, will put their expertise to the project.

The Altran Foundation for Innovation promotes and supports technological innovation in many sectors to promote the welfare of the community through creative projects and technologically advanced.

The Altran Foundation for Innovation announced a competition aimed at brilliant minds of the countries where there are the premises of the Altran Group. The winners of the competition can turn their ideas into a reality, thanks to a year of scientific and technological support.

The theme of the Award 2008 Altran Foundation for Innovation was: "Reducing emissions of CO2 in the atmosphere: our technological challenge!" And Meja Francisco Gallo with his "BambHaus Project" has won.

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